National Symbols of India: Heritage and Pride

“Emblems of Unity, Pride, and Heritage.” 🇮🇳 – The National Identity Elements of India represent the country’s heritage and identity. These symbols evoke a sense of pride and patriotism in every Indian’s heart, regardless of their background.

National Flag

The National Flag of India is a horizontal tricolor with saffron (Kesari) at the top, white in the middle, and India green at the bottom. The flag’s width is two-thirds of its length, and in the center of the white band, there is a navy-blue wheel known as the chakra. The saffron color represents strength and courage, while the white band symbolizes peace and truth. The green color signifies the land’s fertility and growth. Our National Flag went through a series of changes. The first design was crafted by Pingali Venkayya. The Constituent Assembly of India adopted the design of the National Flag on July 22, 1947. It is inspired by the wheel of the Sarnath Lion Capital of Ashoka.

National Anthem

The National Anthem of India is called “Jana-gana-mana”. It was originally composed in Bengali by Rabindranath Tagore. The melody for the full song, slow-paced, and in raga Alhaiya Bilawal, is attributed to Rabindranath himself. It was adopted as the National Anthem in its Hindi version by the Constituent Assembly on January 24, 1950. The anthem was first sung on December 27, 1911, during the Kolkata Session of the Indian National Congress. The National Anthem has a playing time of approximately 52 seconds and is a symbol of unity and patriotism. The National Anthem is sung on Independence Day, the Republic & all other important occasions. When the National Anthem is played, we show respect by standing in attention.

National Song

The National Song of India is “Vande Mataram,”. Bankimchandra Chatterji composed the song in Sanskrit. On January 24, 1950, the President, Dr. Rajendra Prasad, declared that “Vande Mataram” would be honored equally with “Jana-gana-mana” and have the same status. It was first sung during the 1896 session of the Indian National Congress. Vande Mataram played a significant role in India’s struggle for freedom. It is a source of inspiration for the people of India.

State Emblem

The State Emblem of India is an adaptation of the Sarnath Lion Capital of Ashoka. The original emblem features four lions standing back to back on an abacus. The abacus carries sculptures of an elephant, a galloping horse, a bull, and a lion separated by intervening wheels over a bell-shaped lotus. The emblem, carved out of a single block of polished sandstone, is crowned by the Wheel of the Law (Dharma Chakra). The State Emblem represents the rich history and cultural heritage of India.

National Bird

Pavo cristatus – the scientific name for The Indian peacock, is the National Bird of India. It is a colorful bird with a fan-shaped crest of feathers, a white patch under the eye, and a long, slender neck. The male peacock is more vibrant and has a spectacular bronze-green tail consisting of around 200 elongated feathers. The female peacock, on the other hand, is brownish and slightly smaller, lacking the elaborate tail. The male peacock’s courtship dance, where it fans out its tail and preens its feathers, is a breathtaking sight.

National Animal

The National Animal of India is the magnificent tiger, scientifically known as Panthera tigris. Tigers are striped animals with a thick yellow coat of fur and dark stripes. They are known for their grace, strength, agility, and enormous power. The tiger holds a special place as the national animal of India, symbolizing the country’s wildlife heritage and conservation efforts.

National Flower

The national flower of India is the lotus. Lotus is scientifically known as Nelumbo nucifera. This sacred flower holds a unique position in the art and mythology of ancient India. It symbolizes purity, enlightenment, and spiritual awakening. Its large, eye-catching pink blossoms with symmetrically arranged petals convey an air of elegance and tranquillity.

These national symbols are an integral part of India’s identity and serve as reminders of its rich history, cultural diversity, and natural beauty. They instil a sense of pride and unity among all Indians, transcending demographic backgrounds.

In conclusion, our national symbols serve as powerful reminders of our shared identity, history, and values. Whether it’s the flag, anthem, or emblem, these symbols evoke a sense of unity and pride. By respecting and cherishing them, we honour the sacrifices of those who came before us and strengthen our collective bond. Let us continue to uphold and celebrate these symbols, recognizing their significance in shaping our nation’s narrative. – Jai Hind 🇮🇳

By Usha (Cambridge Primary Coordinator)



    What is 3 x 8 ?


    PNC Cognitio School, in its full capacity as a K-12 Cambridge International School also serves as an exam center for private candidates from India and around the globe. We offer a wide-range of subject choices from IGCSE, O Level and International AS/A Level to our private candidates. We cater to them through all three available series for Cambridge examinations: March, June and November making it altogether easier for students to easily manage their exam routines.

    PNC Cognitio School in its sole aim to provide an illuminated pathway for students to reach universities worldwide is an official PSAT, SAT and Advanced Placement Test Centre (#: 63838) in association with the College Board, US. 

    We currently offer all the exam series for SAT, PSAT and AP as offered by the College Board allowing students to seamlessly attempt exams at their own comfortable time and apply to universities with ease. From 2023, students will benefit from digital SAT with better exam experiences and faster results all aided by the advanced systems right here at PNC Cognitio.

    With all of the facilities available at PNC Cognitio School, we strive to be a comprehensive package to students, handing over their most powerful passport to quality education around the globe without any hassle in accessibility. 

    New Grade Familiarization Week

    Any new beginning requires mental preparedness , readiness and handling new information by the mind. Kids are no exception to this as they more dependent on parents to assist them in their decisions and actions. With the kids, it is pivotal to make them feel at home to help them ease in to the new surroundings. New Grade Familiarization week is an important stride towards this aspect. This new initiative started with the academic year 2019 -20. These five days are carefully planned and power packed with academic and co-curricular activities to help children start their new academic year on a high note.

    The onboarding process is designed in benefit of new to children build their understanding between newly found friends and teachers. All of them get to know the school culture and get familiar with their environment. Such a program with a caring vision ensures they step into their actual academic periods totally prepared and excited to begin the year long journey. All Grade students were able to start their learning pathway by bonding with teachers and getting valuable insights into their learning objectives for the new academic year. Grade 9 Students for example were able to lay hands on various tools and designs relevant to design and Implementation. It was such an endearing and pleasant sight to watch all young learners get used to the campus and enjoy the program.

    PNC School Culture and values imbibe children with immense moral insights and the program is just providing them a taste of what they are going to experience yearlong within the campus along with their mentors.

    After School Programs

    PNC’s spacious school, a community learning resource, will continue to offer a rich selection of extracurricular activities designed to enhance students’ all-around development. This array of activities is offered during the week and on the weekend. The school strives to earn an excellent State, National, and International reputation for its inter-school sports activities and tournaments.

    Regular sports activities include Swimming, Cricket, Basketball, Skating, Football and more.

    Support classes in a variety of subject areas will also be a key feature of after-school activities to ensure that any student who requires additional guidance will be able to obtain it. Upcoming activities such as Drama, Arts, Environmental Club, and Music Club will be the new features of the after-school programme. A full range of other accredited skills-based courses designed to develop various future skills will be rolled out as part of the “Skills of the Future Cognition”  development plan, which could include Leadership, ICT, Entrepreneurship, Communication, Gen X Skills, and many more.

    Applying learning and developing professional skills are key to our young people’s successful futures.

    Child's Learning Partners

    Education Professionals – Our highly qualified and motivated teachers have been carefully selected for their teaching excellence and ability to actively engage students in the learning process. We implement an ongoing programme of workshops and professional development sessions, often conducted by noted educationists in around the world, to ensure that our teachers are up to date with the latest developments in educational techniques and methods.

    The Senior Leadership Team and a team of Subject Leaders are well experienced and are complemented by professional teachers to meet the needs of our student population.

    Partnership with Parents – Parents play an important role in the learning journey of the child at school. At PNC we provide varied platforms for parents to interact with the students thus giving them the real time application of the subjects. Through a regular communication system – written and data reports, SMS, email, and a programme of consultation evenings – parents are regularly updated on the progress of their children and activities in the school. Parents are welcome to discuss their children’s individual progress with the concerned teacher or school Principal or any member of the Senior Leadership Team at a mutually convenient time.

    Parent Voice including a monthly forum with the Principal is conducted regularly. These meetings provide an opportunity for all our parents to voice any concerns, suggestions, or ideas they may have.

    Child Health & Safety

    The health and safety support network is made up of people such as extended family, friends, and community members who will work together in sync with the school to develop and maintain a plan that will ensure long-term safety, belonging, and well-being of our Children. A healthy mind and a healthy body are inseparable, binding upon each other for a productive life.

    The purpose of the School Safety and Health Program are:

    1. To promote a healthy lifestyle among students, by providing them with knowledge and skills that will enable them to take responsible decisions to protect their health and well-being.
    2. To build healthy eating habits through the Wholesome Healthy Lunch – The power of 5 food groups.
    3. To enhance the role of students in contributing actively and positively to the national health situation by following various initiatives at this level like – “Swach”.
    4. To ensure that School Health becomes and continues to be an integral part of the overall education program in all schools.
    5. Ensure health and well-being is a key learning area and healthy practices are key competencies to be instilled as part of our curriculum.
    6. The school has developed a safe, inclusive, and supportive environment that involves and communicates with children, young people and their parents/guardians.
    7. We encourage child and parent/guardians involvement and engagement that informs safe school operations and builds the capability of children and parents/guardians to understand their rights and responsibilities.

    Cambridge Pathway School

    Cambridge Primary starts learners on an exciting educational journey. Typically for 5 to 11-year-olds, it develops young learners who are confident, responsible, reflective, innovative, and engaged and includes an assessment that proves and improves learning. Students in this programme follow Stages 1 to 6 of the Cambridge Primary Curriculum, which continues to build on the foundations that are established in the Early Years Foundation Stage. Ongoing reviews ensure that each student’s progress and development are continuous and meet predetermined standards.

    We encourage students to think independently, use their initiative, and participate in a meaningful and active manner in the learning process. At the end of Grade 5 (Stage 6), students will prepare for the University of Cambridge Primary Checkpoint Examinations in English, Mathematics, and Science. The tests are marked in Cambridge to provide an international benchmark of learner performance. Learners receive a statement of achievement and a diagnostic feedback report. Feedback reports show how a learner has performed in relation to the curriculum, their learning group, the whole school, and against all learners who have taken tests in that series around the world.

    The core academic curriculum includes instruction in English, Mathematics, Science, Global Perspective (Social Studies & EVM) and Digital Learning. Kannada is taught to all students and caters for native and non-native speakers. In addition, the school offers French and Hindi. The overall educational experience is enhanced and supplemented with an enriched visual and performing arts programme that embraces both western and local culture as well as an excellent school sports provision.

    The Finnish Education Model

    Freedom to choose, express, explore and learn. These are the wings of the learning flight in PNCCS. Our pedagogy adaption to the world’s best education system is to prepare today’s learners for Gen-Z. As a resource school, it is our endeavour in providing an enriching learning environment for our Cognitions to learn.
    The Finnish Adaptation in our school is characterized by the understanding that a student who is happy in the classroom and is comfortable since he/she is free to learn at his own pace, will learn the knowledge that is needed. Finnish teachers have genuine pedagogical freedom, as well as autonomy to teach. Therefore, they are motivated in their day to day activities. Teachers spend approximately 400 + hours of training during a year. This includes a wide range of skills such as Subject Matter Expertise, Classroom Management, Equipping Students with 21st Century Skills, and many more.
    The Facilitators have at their disposal a range of ready-to-use materials in their classrooms. The learning labs and Research Points empower the teacher to promote experiential and active learning.
    Thus a plant rooted in good soil and environment bears fruits that sustains itself and the community. And so is every Cognition.
    Progressing in this pathway, two initiatives that shape our children’s mind is “Speakathon” and “Thoughtcast”. These learning platforms help the learners to reflect on various topics which impact them, the environment, and the community at large. Learners express, debate, and pen down their thoughts. Thus transforming them into confident individuals who can voice their opinions, accept or reflect on critical reviews and collaborate to find solutions.
    The pedagogy promotes mastery of learning through thinking routines. It is a synonym for the layers of soil. Each is different in texture and composition but all are important.